Social Media and the Issue of 'Gafatar' in Indonesia


Gafatar (Fajar Nusantara Movement), which was established in 2011, became controversial being accused of blasphemy, and treason agains the state in early 2016.  The government then repatriated thousands of their followers from Mempawah, West Kalimantan. This paper examines how the media framed the controversy, and consequently shaped public opinion of the movement.

[1] DPR: Permasalahan Gafatar Bisa Picu Konflik, berita/nasional/umum/16/01/22/o1bv53330-dpr-permasalahan-gafatar-bisa-picukonflik. Retrieved on October 5, 2016.

[2] Eriyanto, Analisis Framing; Konstruksi, Ideologi, dan Politik Media (EK) (Framing Analysis; Construction, Ideology, and Politics Media, LKIS, Yogyakarta, 2007.

[3] Eks Pemimpin Gafatar: Kami Tak Pernah Bermimpi Membentuk Negara, gafatar-kami-tak-bermimpi-membentuk-negara/. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.

[4] R. S. Fortner and P. M. Fackler, The Handbook of Media and Mass Communication Theory, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA, 2014.

[5] Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel, The Elements of Journalism, Revised and Updated, What News People Should Know and the Public Should Expect, Three Rivers Press, 3rd edition, 2014.

[6] Kumpulan Berita Gafatar, fajar-nusantara. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.

[7] Gafatar Sesat MUI: Metamorfosis Al-Qiyadah Al-Islamiyah, al-islamiyah-gafatar-sesat. Retrieved September 9, 2016.

[8] Mobil Milik Anggota Gafatar dibakar Massa, nasional/daerah/16/01/19/o16g0g330-mobil-milik-anggota-gafatar-dibakarmassa. Retrieved on October 5, 2016.

[9] Polisi Segera Limpahkan Berkas Kasus Gafatar, Retrieved on September 9, 2016.

[10] A. S. Sudjatna, 2016. Empat Langkah Menilai Berita di Era Banjir Informasi (Four Steps Measure the News in the Age of Flood Information). This paper presented in the seminar ’The New Age of Social Religious Movement in Indonesia’, held by Keluarga Muslim Ilmu Budaya (KMIB-Muslim Community of the Faculty of Humanities), Gadjah Mada University and the ASEAN Center Studies, Universitas Sebelas Maret, October 1, 2016.

[11] L. Winarni, 2016. Could We Tolerance the Difference? The paper accepted in International Symposium on Religious Life and under consideration to be published in Journal of Harmony. The Symposium held by Ministry of Religious Affairs, Jakarta, October 5-7, 2016.