The Off-line and On-line Impact of Information and Communications Technology on ASEAN Security – a Perspective


Modern information and communication technologies have brought immense changes to peoples’ lives in the developed and developing countries. It has been a revolutionising game changer impacting on the manner people communicate, do business, partake in crime and even harm others physically and psychologically. This is increasing as the rate of technologies, especially the Internet, penetrate deeper into populous countries in Asia and Africa. Its role has been so immense and pervasive that it has led to all-round changes in the manner societies organise themselves, including in the security arena. The benefits of these technologies have been massive, changing exponentially the manner governments and people connect with each other within and without the territorial state. 

[1] Ifueko Omoigui Okauru, “Identify and explain any five new ways that information and communication technology can be used to enhance academic work in the University of Ghana,” College Workouts, vol. 29, 2012, Available at five-new-ways-that-information-and-communication-technology-can-beused- to-enhance-academic-work-in-the-university-of-ghana/.

[2] Indonesia is now top country for cybercrime, The China Post, 22 October 2013.

[3] Cybercrime Threat a Growing Concern: Police, The Jakarta Globe.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Brata Adisurya, “Cyber Terrorism di Indonesia”. Available at; “Dosen Unisbank Ditangkap”, Suara Merdeka, 24 August 2006.

[6] Mbai Ansyaad, in The New Dynamics of Terror Networks in Indonesia, pp. 38–39, BNPT, Indonesia, 2014.