The Using Boron-containing Materials in Ferroalloy Industry
The article presents an analytical review of the use of boron-containing materials in ferrous metallurgy. Literature data are given on the improvement of the properties of steel with the addition of an ultra-small amount of boron. The review presents the main existing technologies for the preparation of boron-containing alloys and their features, as well as methods for introducing boron into steel. In domestic and foreign production, ferroboron has been widely used with 6–20% B. Due to the high chemical activity, part of the boron transferred to the metal reacts with nitrogen. A number of methods have been proposed in the literature for preventing boron binding. One of them is the introduction of boron by complex boron-containing ferroalloys with 1–2% B. Using this method increases the degree of transition of boron to metal. The review shows the possibility of wide use of boron-containing materials in the processes of ferrous metallurgy.
Keywords: steel, ferroalloys, metal properties, complex ferroalloy
 Golubtsov V.A. (2006). Theory and practice of introducing additives into steel outside the furnace. Chelyabinsk.
 Lyakishev NP, Pliner Yu.L., Lappo S.I. (1986). Boron steels and alloys. Moscow: Metallurgy..
 Goldstein Ya.E., Mizin V.G. (1986). Modification and microalloying of iron and steel. Moscow: Metallurgy.
 Kasparova O.V. (2013) Influence of boron and carbon on the structure and corrosionelectrochemical behavior of austenitic X20H20 stainless steel. Physical chemistry of the surface and protection of materials, vol. 49, no. 6. P. 671.
 Gasik M.I., Lyakishev NP, Emlin B.I. (1988). Theory and technology of production of ferroalloy. Moscow: Metallurgy.
 Ziatdinov M.Kh. (2016) Development of theoretical and technological foundations of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis in the development of industrial technology for the production of materials for steelmaking and blast-furnace production. PhD dissertation/Master’s thesis. State university of Tomsk.
 Manashev I.R., Shatokhin I.M., Ziatdinov M.Kh. et al. (2009). Features of microalloying with boron and new material boride ferrotitanium. Steel, no. 10. PP. 34-38.
 Maksimov Yu.M., Chukhlomina L.N., Braverman B.Sh., Smirnov L.A. (2002). Selfpropagating high-temperature synthesis of nitrogen-containing alloys for metallurgy. Novosibirsk: Science.
 Pliner Yu.L. (1963). Aluminothermic production of ferroalloys and master alloys. Moscow: Publishing house of literature on ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy.
 Bebbington R. W. (1992). The role of Ferroboron and ferrotitanium in steels: Production methods, quality aspects, and addition techniques, in Proceedings of the 1st International Chromium Steels and Allows Congress. INFACON 6. Johannesburg: SAIMM.
 Zhuchkov V.I., Sychev A.V., Akberdin A.A. et al. (2015). Research and improvement of the process of obtaining complex boron-containing ferroalloys. in Proceedings of XVI Int. conference «Modern problems of electrometallurgy of steel and ferroalloys». Chelyabinsk: SUSU Publishing Center.
 Zhuchkov V.I., Selivanov E.N., Zayakin O.V et al. (2015). A method of obtaining a complex boron-containing alloy based on silicon. Eurasian patent No. 020687
 Zhuchkov V.I., Zayakin O.V., Leont′ ev L.I. et al. (2017). Physico-chemical characteristics, preparation and use of complex boron-containing ferroalloys. Proceedings of the higher educational institutions. Ferrous metallurgy, vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 348-354.
 Sychev A.V., Zhuchkov V.I., Akberdin A.A., Afanasyev V.I. (2015) Study of the processes of stabilization of disintegrating slags of low-carbon ferrochrome boroncontaining materials in Proceedings Works scientific-practical. conf. ”Prospects for the development of metallurgy and mechanical engineering with the use of completed basic research and R & D”. Yekaterinburg: The Ural Worker.