Metal Industry Development in the Conditions of Formation of New Technological and Institutional Trends
The article emphasizes the important role of metallurgy, which in the conditions o Industry 4.0 development becomes a “fundamental” (according to the terminology of RAS academician S. Glazyev) industry, which is actively involved in the formation of the core of the sixth technological mode. The key factors of the four industrial revolutions and the corresponding production quantities in the metallurgical industry for the period from 1750 to the present time are adduced forward in the text. The trends in the development of the world ferrous metallurgy are analyzed, which made it possible to formulate the latest technological and institutional tendencies in the development of the industry. It is demonstrated that metallurgical production in Russia, in spite of lagging behind in many respects, for example, labor productivity, sorting efficiency, etc. from the metallurgy of developed countries, still has sufficient potential for the introduction of the latest technological solutions here, including in the field of information technology. An assessment of the digitization of the metallurgical industry of Russia on the basis of a set of reasonable indicators is brought up in the present work. The importance of the strategic areas is also justified for the development of metallurgy, such as the control of electricity consumption and energy costs, the introduction of effective recovery strategies and the improvement of work safety of the workers, which corresponds to the solution of the most important task – the production of “environmentally friendly metals” (Green Metals). The development of the metallurgical complex of the Sverdlovsk region for the period from 2008 to 2016 is analyzed in details. It is proved that the region has all the necessary prerequisites for the development of modern technological areas here. The possibility of changing the specialization of the region in the direction toward the development of additive production is shown. The main features of the new technological image of metallurgy of the Sverdlovsk region are formed.
Keywords: metallurgy, Industry 4.0, technological and institutional trends, digitalization, metallurgical complex of the Sverdlovsk region
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